The Grand Constitutions of 1786 provide for a procedure whereby a Supreme Council in one country can establish a Supreme Council in another country where a Supreme Council does not already exist. Under this procedure Supreme Councils are legitimately established. A Patent to establish the Supreme Council 33° for England and Wales was sought from the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction USA and was granted in 1845. The Supreme Council 33° for Scotland was erected by Sovereign Grand Inspector General Morison in 1846.
Much of this information has come from the writings of V\Ill\Bro AC Jackson 33°, various publications and correspondence from V\Ill\Bro Sydney R Baxter 33°of the N.M.J. USA and from papers and conversations resulting from overseas trips to the Sovereign Grand Commanders’ Conference.
For the relevant dates of establishment and historical facts I'm indebted to a Publication entitled "A Register of Supreme Councils Active and Extinct" published in 1981 by George Draffen of Newington 33°, at that time Lieutenant Grand Commander of the Supreme Council for Scotland.
To set the scene for the birth and growth of the Rite, we must go back to the origin of Craft Masonry as we know it and trace its early development as an organised body.